Transport networks

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the Great North Road
A stagecoach on the Great North Road (early 19th century)
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The major evolution of inland transport was from roads to canals. Roads were inconvenient, and it was safer to transport goods via coastal trade; the construction of several canals in the second half of the 18th century was necessitated by industrialisation.


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The canal near the Etruria works (wood engraving)
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See also the “Old trades and new trades” article